_X_ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 26, 1997 OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______ to ________.
Commission file number 0-10030
CALIFORNIA 942404110 (State or other jurisdiction (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.) of incorporation or organization) 1 Infinite Loop 95014 Cupertino, California (Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (408) 996-1010
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes X No ____
132,768,062 shares of Common Stock Issued and Outstanding as of January 30, 1998
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
APPLE COMPUTER, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
THREE MONTHS ENDED December 26, 1997 December 27, 1996 Net sales $ 1,578 $ 2,129 Costs and expenses: Cost of sales 1,225 1,732 Research and development 79 149 Selling, general and administrative 234 372 1,538 2,253 Operating income (loss) 40 (124) Interest and other income (expense), net 7 4 Income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes 47 (120) Provision (benefit) for income taxes -- -- Net income (loss) $ 47 $ (120) Basic earnings (loss) per share $ 0.37 $ (0.96) Diluted earnings (loss) per share $ 0.33 $ (0.96) Common shares used in the calculations of basic earnings (loss) per share (in thousands) 127,989 124,532 Common and common equivalent shares used in the calculations of diluted earnings (loss) per share (in thousands) 139,839 124,532
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
APPLE COMPUTER, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
December 26, 1997 September 26, 1997 (Unaudited) Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,193 $ 1,230 Short-term investments 434 229 Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $96 ($99 at September 26, 1997) 902 1,035 Inventories: Purchased parts 99 141 Work in process 5 15 Finished goods 300 281 404 437 Deferred tax assets 233 259 Other current assets 207 234 Total current assets 3,373 3,424 Property, plant, and equipment: Land and buildings 402 453 Machinery and equipment 416 460 Office furniture and equipment 100 110 Leasehold improvements 151 172 1,069 1,195 Accumulated depreciation and amortization (640) (709) Net property, plant, and equipment 429 486 Other assets 324 323 $ 4,126 $ 4,233
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
APPLE COMPUTER, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Dollars in millions)
December 26, 1997 September 26, 1997 (Unaudited) Current liabilities: Notes payable to banks $ 24 $ 25 Accounts payable 655 685 Accrued compensation and employee benefits 92 99 Accrued marketing and distribution 261 278 Accrued warranty and related 126 128 Accrued restructuring costs 144 180 Other current liabilities 367 423 Total current liabilities 1,669 1,818 Long-term debt 952 951 Deferred tax liabilities 261 264 Commitments and contingencies Shareholders' equity: Series A non-voting convertible preferred stock, no par value; 150,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding 150 150 Common stock, no par value; 320,000,000 shares authorized; 128,018,985 shares issued and outstanding at December 26, 1997 (127,949,220 shares at September 26, 1997) 499 498 Retained earnings 636 589 Other (41) (37) Total shareholders' equity 1,244 1,200 $ 4,126 $ 4,233
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
APPLE COMPUTER, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
THREE MONTHS ENDED December 26, 1997 December 27, 1996 Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the period $ 1,230 $ 1,552 Operating: Net income (loss) 47 (120) Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to cash generated by operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 28 25 Changes in operating assets and liabilities: Accounts receivable 133 4 Inventories 33 174 Deferred tax assets 26 18 Other current assets 27 (38) Accounts payable (30) 29 Accrued restructuring costs (36) (12) Other current liabilities (82) 30 Deferred tax liabilities (3) (18) Cash generated by operating activities 143 92 Investing: Purchase of short-term investments (399) (542) Proceeds from sales and maturities of short-term investments 194 102 Net proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment 45 2 Purchase of property, plant, and equipment (7) (20) Other (14) (10) Cash used for investing activities (181) (468) Financing: Increase (decrease) in notes payable to banks (1) (6) Increase (decrease) in long-term borrowings 1 1 Increases in common stock, net of related tax benefits 1 3 Cash generated by (used for) financing activities 1 (2) Total cash used (37) (378) Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period $ 1,193 $ 1,174 Supplemental cash flow disclosures: Cash paid during the quarter for interest $ 20 $ 20 Cash paid(received) during the quarter for income taxes, net $ (18) $ 20
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
APPLE COMPUTER, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
1. Interim information is unaudited; however, in the opinion of the Company's management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of interim results have been included. All adjustments are of a normal recurring nature unless specified in a separate note included in these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the entire year. These financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the Company's annual consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto for the fiscal year ended September 26, 1997, included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 26, 1997 (the "1997 Form 10-K").
2. The Company has adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No.
128 ("SFAS 128"), "Earnings Per Share". In accordance with SFAS 128, primary earnings per share have been replaced with basic earnings per share, and fully diluted earnings per share have been replaced with diluted earnings per share which includes potentially dilutive securities such as outstanding options and convertible securities. Prior periods have been presented to conform to SFAS 128, however, as the Company had a net loss in the prior period, basic and diluted loss per share are the same as the primary loss per share previously presented.
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the dilutive potential common shares had been issued. The dilutive effect of outstanding options is reflected in diluted earnings per share by application of the treasury stock method. The dilutive effect of convertible securities is reflected using the if-converted method. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except net income (loss) and per share amounts):
For the Quarter ended For the Quarter ended December 27, 1997 December 27, 1996 Numerator: Net income (loss) $ 47 $ (120) Denominator: Denominator for basic earnings (loss) per share -- weighted average shares outstanding 127,989 124,532 Effect of Dilutive Securities: Convertible preferred stock 9,091 -- Dilutive options outstanding 2,759 -- Dilutive potential common shares 11,850 -- Denominator for diluted earnings per share -- adjusted weighted-average shares and assumed conversions 139,839 124,532 Basic earnings (loss) per share $ 0.37 $ (0.96) Diluted earnings (loss) per share $ 0.33 $ (0.96)
For purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share for the first quarter of 1998, the Company assumed that all employees exchanged their existing options (See Note 5 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements) for new options with an exercise price of $13.6875 effective December 15, 1998. Therefore, all options outstanding as of December 26, 1997, were included in the computation of diluted earnings per share as they were all considered to have exercise prices less than $18.05, the average market price of common shares during the first quarter of 1998. However, the effect on dilutive earnings per share of approximately 8.5 million of the outstanding options was weighted to reflect that they were only considered outstanding and dilutive options from December 19, 1997, the date of the Company's option exchange offer to its employees, through the end of the quarter. The Company has outstanding $661 million of unsecured convertible subordinated notes (the "Notes") which are convertible by their holders into approximately 22.6 million shares of common stock at a conversion price of $29.205 per share subject to the adjustments as defined in the Note agreement. The common shares represented by these Notes were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect of using the if-converted method would be anti-dilutive. For additional disclosures regarding the outstanding preferred stock, employee stock options and the Notes, see the 1997 Form 10-K.
3. In the second quarter of 1996, the Company announced and began to implement a restructuring plan aimed at reducing costs and restoring profitability to the Company's operations. The restructuring plan was necessitated by decreased demand for the Company's products and the Company's adoption of a new strategic direction. These actions resulted in a net charge of $179 million after subsequent adjustments recorded in the fourth quarter of 1996. During 1997, the Company announced and began to implement supplemental restructuring actions to meet the foregoing objectives of the plan. The Company recognized a $217 million charge during 1997 for the estimated incremental costs of those actions, including approximately $8 million of costs related to the termination of the Company's former Chief Executive Officer. The combined restructuring actions consist of terminating approximately 3,600 full-time employees, approximately 3,000 of whom have been terminated from the second quarter of 1996 through December 26, 1997, excluding employees who were hired by SCI Systems, Inc. and MCI Systemhouse, the purchasers of the Company's Fountain, Colorado manufacturing facility and the Napa, California data center facility, respectively; canceling or vacating certain facility leases as a result of those employee terminations; writing down certain land, buildings and equipment to be sold as a result of downsizing operations and outsourcing various operational functions; and canceling contracts for projects and technologies that are not central to the Company's core business strategy. The restructuring actions under the plan have resulted in cash expenditures of $195 million and noncash asset write-downs of $57 million from the second quarter of 1996 through December 26, 1997. During the third quarter of 1997 and the first quarter of 1998, the Company made adjustments to the categories and timing of expected restructure spending based on revised estimates. The Company expects that the remaining $144 million accrued balance as of December 26, 1997 will result in cash expenditures of approximately $102 million over the next twelve months and $10 million thereafter. The Company expects that most of the contemplated restructuring actions related to the plan will be completed during fiscal 1998 and will be financed through current working capital and, if necessary, continued short-term borrowings.
The following table depicts the restructuring activity through December 26, 1997:
(In millions) Category Balance as of Spending Adjustments Balance as September During During of December 26, 1997 Q1'98 Q1'98 26, 1997 Payments to employees involuntarily terminated (C) $ 76 $ 23 $ 1 $ 54 Payments on canceled or vacated facility leases (C) 25 2 3 26 Write-down of operating assets to be sold (N) 39 4 (3) 32 Payments on canceled contracts (C) 40 7 (1) 32 $180 $ 36 $ -- $144
(C): Cash; (N): Noncash.
4. In August 1997, the Company agreed to acquire certain assets of Power Computing Corporation ("PCC"), a company which Apple had licensed to distribute the Mac OS operating system. In addition to the acquisition of certain assets such as PCC's customer database and the license to distribute the Mac OS, the Company has the right to retain certain key employees of PCC. The agreement with PCC also includes a release of claims between the parties.
On January 28, 1998, the Company completed its acquisition of certain assets of PCC. The total purchase price was approximately $115 million, which included 4,159,000 shares of the Company's common stock valued at $80 million, the forgiveness of approximately $28 million of receivables due from PCC, assumption by the Company of certain customer support liabilities of PCC, and closing and related costs. The difference between the total purchase price and the $75 million expensed as "Termination of License Agreement" in the fourth quarter of 1997 will be capitalized in the second quarter of 1998 and then amortized over a period of three years.
5. In order to address concerns regarding the retention of the Company's key employees, in December 1997 the Board of Directors approved an option exchange program which permits employees to exchange all (but not less than all) of their existing options (vested and unvested) with an exercise price of greater than $13.6875 on a one-for-one basis for new options with an exercise price of $13.6875, the fair market value of the Company's common stock on December 19, 1997, and a new four year vesting schedule beginning in December 1997.
6. In October 1997, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants issued Statement of Position ("SOP") 97-2, "Software Revenue Recognition." SOP 97-2 establishes standards relating to the recognition of all aspects of software revenue. SOP 97-2 is effective for transactions entered into in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 1997 and may require the Company to modify certain aspects of its revenue recognition policies. The Company does not expect the adoption of SOP 97-2 to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations.
7. The Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") has proposed federal income tax deficiencies for the years 1984 through 1991, and the Company has made certain prepayments thereon. The Company contested the proposed deficiencies by filing petitions with the United States Tax Court, and most of the issues in dispute have now been resolved. On June 30, 1997, the IRS proposed income tax adjustments for the years 1992 through 1994. Although a substantial number of issues for these years have been resolved, certain issues still remain in dispute and are being contested by the Company. Management believes that adequate provision has been made for any adjustments that may result from tax examinations.
8. The information set forth in Item 1 of Part II hereof is hereby incorporated by reference.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This section and other parts of this Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The Company's actual results may differ significantly from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the subsection entitled "Factors That May Affect Operating Results and Financial Condition" below.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q. All information is based on the Company's fiscal calendar.
During the first quarter of 1998 the Company experienced significant improvement in its financial performance, reporting its first operating profit since the fourth quarter of 1996 and earning higher gross margins than in both the previous quarter and the same quarter of the prior year. Operating expenses were substantially lower than in the previous quarter and the same quarter from the prior year, reflecting reductions in all functional areas of the Company as a result of continued restructuring actions. However, both net sales and unit sales of Macintosh computer systems fell slightly from the previous quarter and fell substantially from the same quarter in the prior year. The second quarter has historically been the weakest for the Company. Therefore, sequential revenue growth is not expected until at least the third quarter, while year-over-year revenue growth is not expected until at least the fourth quarter. The Company believes that gross margin levels on its current products are sustainable for several quarters and that operating expenses will continue to trend downward through the third quarter. The foregoing statements are forward looking. The Company's actual results could differ because of several factors, including those set forth in the following paragraph, and those discussed in the subsection entitled "Factors That May Affect Operating Results and Financial Condition" below.
The Company's future operating results and financial condition are dependent upon the Company's ability to successfully develop, manufacture, and market technologically innovative products in order to meet dynamic customer demand patterns, and are also dependent upon its ability to effect a change in marketplace perception of the Company's prospects, including the viability of the Macintosh platform. Inherent in this process are a number of factors that the Company must successfully manage in order to achieve favorable future operating results and a favorable financial condition. Potential risks and uncertainties that could affect the Company's future operating results and financial condition include, among other things, continued competitive pressures in the marketplace and the effect of any reaction by the Company to such competitive pressures, including pricing actions by the Company; the availability of key components on terms acceptable to the Company; the Company's ability to supply products in certain categories; the Company's ability to supply products free of latent defects or other faults; the Company's ability to make timely delivery to the marketplace of technological innovations, including its ability to continue to make timely delivery of planned enhancements to the current Mac OS and to make timely delivery of a new and substantially backward-compatible operating system; the Company's ability to successfully integrate the technologies, processes and employees of NeXT Software, Inc. ("NeXT") ,which was acquired by the Company in 1997, with those at Apple; the Company's ability to successfully implement its strategic direction and restructuring actions, including reducing its expenditures; the Company's ability to attract, motivate and retain employees, including a new Chief Executive Officer; the effects of significant adverse publicity; the availability of third-party software for particular applications; and the impact on the Company's sales, market share and gross margins as a result of the Company winding down its Mac OS licensing program.
Results of Operations First First First Fourth Quarter Quarter Quarter Quarter 1998 1997 Change 1998 1997 Change (Tabular information: Dollars in millions, except per share amounts) Net sales $1,578 $2,129 (26%) $1,578 $1,614 (2%) Gross margin $353 $397 (11%) $353 $320 10% Percentage of net sales 22% 19% 22% 20% Research and development $79 $149 (47%) $79 $94 (16%) Percentage of net sales 5% 7% 5% 6% Selling, general and administrative $234 $372 (37%) $234 $259 (10%) Percentage of net sales 15% 17% 15% 16% Special Charges Restructuring costs $-- $-- NM $-- $62 NM Percentage of net sales -- -- -- 4% Termination of license agreement $-- $-- NM $-- $75 NM Percentage of net sales -- -- -- 5% Interest and other income (expense), net $7 $4 75% $7 $9 (22%) Net income (loss) $47 $(120) 139% $47 $ (161) 129% Basic earnings (loss) per share $0.37 $(0.96) 139% $0.37 $(1.26) 129% Diluted earnings (loss) per share $0.33 $(0.96) 134% $0.33 $(1.26) 126%
NM: Not Meaningful
Q1 98 Compared with Q1 97
Net sales represent the Company's gross sales net of returns, rebates and discounts. Net sales decreased 26% in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the same quarter of 1997. Total Macintosh computer unit sales and peripheral unit sales decreased 31% and 49%, respectively, in the first quarter of 1998, compared with the same period of 1997. The effect on net sales of this decline in computer and peripheral unit sales in the first quarter of 1998 was partially offset by the successful introduction of the Company's Power Macintosh G3 systems in November 1997, which accounted for approximately 21% of the 635,000 systems shipped during the first quarter of 1998. The average aggregate revenue per Macintosh unit increased 6% in the first quarter of 1998, compared with the same period of 1997, as a result of a shift in mix from the Company's "Value" (entry level Power Macintosh) products to its "Flagship" line of high-performance Power Macintosh computers and due to increases in the average aggregate revenue across all product lines. In general, the average aggregate revenue per Macintosh computer unit and per peripheral unit is expected to remain under significant downward pressure due to a variety of factors, including industry wide pricing pressures, increased competition, and the need to stimulate demand for the Company's products.
International net sales represented 50% of total net sales in the first quarter of 1998 compared with 56% of total net sales in the same period of 1997. International net sales declined 34% in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the same period of 1997. Net sales decreased significantly in the European and Japanese markets during the first quarter of 1998 compared with the same period of 1997 as a result of decreases in Macintosh and peripheral unit sales. Further discussion relating to factors contributing to the decline in net sales in the Japanese market may be found in this Part I, Item 2 of Form 10-Q
under the subheading "Global Market Risks" included under the heading "Factors That May Affect Future Results and Financial Condition," which information is hereby incorporated by reference.
Domestic net sales declined 16% in the first quarter of 1998 over the comparable period of 1997, due to decreases in unit sales of Macintosh computers and peripheral products, partially offset by increases in the average aggregate revenue per Macintosh and peripheral unit.
During the first quarter of 1998 compared with the comparable period of 1997, the Company's estimated share of the worldwide and U.S. personal computer markets decreased to 2.6% from 4.3%, and to 3.3% from 5.2%, respectively, based upon current market information provided by industry sources.
The Company believes that quarterly net sales will be below the level of the prior year's comparable periods through at least the third fiscal quarter of 1998, if not longer.
Q1 98 Compared with Q4 97
Net sales decreased 2% in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the fourth quarter of 1997. Total Macintosh computer unit sales decreased 4% in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the prior quarter. The effect on net sales of this decline in unit sales was partially offset by the successful introduction of the Company's Power Macintosh G3 systems in November 1997, which accounted for approximately 21% of the 635,000 systems shipped during the first quarter of 1998. In addition, net sales were positively impacted as the Company began marketing many of its products directly to end users in the U.S. through the Company's on-line store, which opened in November 1997. The Company generated $15 million in revenue from its on-line store during the first quarter of 1998. Unit sales of peripheral products decreased 15% in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the prior quarter. The average aggregate revenue per Macintosh computer unit increased 5% as a result of a shift in mix from the Company's "Value" products to its "Flagship" line of high- performance Power Macintosh computers and due to increases in the average aggregate revenue across most other product lines.
International net sales represented 50% of total net sales in the first quarter of 1998, compared with 42% in the fourth quarter of 1997. International net sales increased 16% in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the fourth quarter of 1997, primarily as a result of increases in Macintosh and peripheral unit net sales in Europe and increases in net sales of Macintosh units in Japan.
Domestic net sales decreased 16% in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the prior quarter due to decreases in Macintosh and peripheral unit sales, slightly offset by increases in the average aggregate revenue per Macintosh and peripheral unit.
During the first quarter of 1998 compared with the fourth quarter of 1997, the Company's estimated share of the worldwide and U.S. personal computer markets decreased to 2.6% from 3.3%, and to 3.3% from 4.6%, respectively, based upon current market information provided by industry sources.
In the Company's experience, the actual amount of product backlog at any particular time is not a meaningful indication of its future business prospects. In particular, backlog often increases in anticipation of or immediately following introduction of new products because of overordering by dealers anticipating shortages. Backlog often is reduced once dealers and customers believe they can obtain sufficient supply. Because of the foregoing, as well as other factors affecting the Company's backlog, backlog should not be considered a reliable indicator of the Company's ability to achieve any particular level of revenue or financial performance. Further information regarding the Company's backlog may be found in Part I, Item 2 of this Form 10-Q under the subheading "Product Introductions and Transitions" included under the heading "Factors That May Affect Future Results and Financial Condition," which information is hereby incorporated by reference.
Gross margin represents the difference between the Company's net sales and its cost of goods sold. The cost of goods sold is based primarily on the cost of components and, to a lesser extent, direct labor costs. The type and cost of components included in particular configurations of the Company's products (such as memory and disk drives) are often directly related to the need to market products in configurations competitive with other manufacturers. Competition in the personal computer industry is intense and, in the short term, frequent changes in pricing and product configuration are often necessary in order to remain competitive. Accordingly, gross margin as a percentage of net sales can be significantly influenced in the short term by actions undertaken by the Company in response to industry wide competitive pressures.
Gross margin increased from 18.6% to 22.4% of sales during the first quarter of 1998 compared to the same period of 1997, and increased from 19.8% to 22.4% of sales compared to the fourth quarter of 1997. This was primarily as a result of a shift in revenue mix towards the Company's higher margin "Flagship" line of high-performance Power Macintosh computers, including Power Macintosh G3 systems, with relatively stable margins quarter-to-quarter on the Company's "Value" product line.
The gross margin levels in the first quarter of 1998 compared to the fourth quarter of 1997 were not significantly affected by changes in foreign exchange rates. The Company's operating strategy and pricing take into account changes in exchange rates over time; however, the Company's results of operations can be significantly affected in the short term by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
While the Company believes the overall gross margin levels achieved in the first quarter of 1998 are sustainable for several quarters, there can be no assurance that such margins will be maintained. In general, gross margins will remain under significant downward pressure due to a variety of factors, including continued industry wide global pricing pressures, increased competition, compressed product life cycles, and potential changes to the Company's product mix. In response to these downward pressures, the Company expects it will continue to take pricing actions with respect to its products. Gross margins could also be affected by the Company's ability to effectively manage quality problems and warranty costs, and to stimulate demand for certain of its products.
Research and Development First First First Fourth Quarter Quarter Quarter Quarter 1998 1997 Change 1998 1997 Change Research and development $79 $149 (47%) $79 $94 (16%) Percentage of net sales 5% 7% 5% 6%
Research and development expenditures decreased in amount and as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of 1998 compared with the fourth quarter of 1997 and the first quarter of 1997 due to various restructuring actions which resulted in reductions in headcount and cancellation of certain research and development related projects.
The Company believes that continued and focused investments in research and development are critical to its future growth and competitive position in the marketplace and are directly related to continued, timely development of new and enhanced products that are central to the Company's core business strategy. The Company anticipates that research and development expenditures in the second quarter of 1998 will be comparable to those in the first quarter.
Selling, General and Administrative First First First Fourth Quarter Quarter Quarter Quarter 1998 1997 Change 1998 1997 Change Selling, general and administrative $234 $372 (37%) $234 $259 (10%) Percentage of net sales 15% 17% 15% 16%
Selling, general and administrative expenditures decreased in amount and as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of 1998 when compared to the fourth quarter of 1997 and the first quarter of 1997 due to various restructuring actions which resulted in reductions in headcount, the closing of facilities, the write-down of assets, and lower ongoing variable expenses.
The Company anticipates that selling, general and administrative expenditures will decline further during the second quarter of 1998 as compared to the first quarter of 1998 as the Company completes and more fully realizes the cost reduction benefits of its restructuring plan and lower ongoing variable selling expenses.
Interest and Other Income (Expense), Net First First First Fourth Quarter Quarter Quarter Quarter 1998 1997 Change 1998 1997 Change Interest and other income (expense), net $7 $4 75% $7 $9 (22%)
Interest and other income (expense), net, is comprised of interest income on the Company's cash and investment balances, interest expense on the Company's debt, gains and losses recognized on investments accounted for using the equity method, foreign exchange gains and losses not allowed to be recognized as revenue or cost of sales, and other miscellaneous income and expense items. Over the last two years, the Company's debt ratings have been downgraded to non-investment grade. The Company's cost of funds may increase in future periods as a result of the downgrading in the second quarter of 1997 of its senior and subordinated long-term debt to B3 and Caa2, respectively, by Moody's Investor Services, and the downgrading in October 1997 of its senior and subordinated long-term debt to B- and CCC, respectively, by Standard and Poor's Rating Agency.
Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes
As of December 26, 1997, the Company had deferred tax assets arising from deductible temporary differences, tax losses, and tax credits of $696 million before being offset against certain deferred tax liabilities for presentation on the Company's balance sheet. A substantial portion of this asset is realizable based on the ability to offset existing deferred tax liabilities. As of December 26, 1997, a valuation allowance of $211 million was recorded against the deferred tax asset for the benefits of tax losses which may not be realized. Realization of approximately $85 million of the asset representing tax loss and credit carryforwards is dependent on the Company's ability to generate approximately $245 million of future U.S. taxable income. Management believes that it is more likely than not that forecasted U.S. income, including income that may be generated as a result of certain tax planning strategies, will be sufficient to utilize the tax carryforwards prior to their expiration in 2011 and 2012 to fully recover this asset. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will meet its expectations of future U.S. income. As a result, the amount of the deferred tax assets considered realizable could be reduced in the near and long term if estimates of future taxable U.S. income are reduced. Such an occurrence could materially adversely affect the Company's consolidated financial results. The Company will continue to evaluate the realizability of the deferred tax assets quarterly by assessing the need for and amount of the valuation allowance.
Factors That May Affect Future Results and Financial Condition
Restructuring of Operations
During 1996, the Company began to implement certain restructuring actions aimed at reducing its cost structure, improving its competitiveness, and restoring sustainable profitability. During 1997, the Company announced and began to implement supplemental restructuring actions, including significant headcount reductions, to meet the foregoing objectives. There are several risks inherent in the Company's efforts to transition to a new cost structure. These include the risk that the Company will not be able to reduce expenditures quickly enough to restore sustainable profitability and the risk that cost-cutting initiatives will impair the Company's ability to innovate and remain competitive in the computer industry.
Implementation of this restructuring involves several risks, including the risk that by simplifying and modifying its product line the Company will increase its dependence on fewer products, potentially reduce overall sales, and increase its reliance on unproven products and technology. Another risk of the restructuring is that by increasing the proportion of the Company's products to be manufactured under outsourcing arrangements, the Company could lose control of the quality or quantity of the products manufactured and distributed, or lose the flexibility to make timely changes in production schedules in order to respond to changing market conditions. As part of its restructuring, the Company announced and opened its on- line store in November 1997, which makes available most of its products to end-users in the U.S. There can be no assurance the on-line store will result in greater sales. The Company also began manufacturing products on a build-to-order basis in November 1997. There can be no assurance this manufacturing process will result in decreased costs or increased gross margins. The Company is also reducing the number of wholesale and retail channel partners, particularly in the Americas, which places a greater volume of sales through fewer partners. There can be no assurance that this will not adversely impact the Company. In addition, the actions taken in connection with the restructuring could adversely affect employee morale, thereby damaging the Company's ability to retain and motivate employees. Also, because the Company contemplates relying to a greater extent on collaboration and licensing arrangements with third parties, the Company will have less direct control over certain of its research and development efforts, and its ability to create innovative new products may be reduced. In addition, there can be no assurance that the technologies acquired from NeXT will be successfully exploited, or that key NeXT employees and processes will be retained and successfully integrated with those at Apple. Also, the restructuring includes the winding down of the Company's Mac OS licensing program. There can be no assurance that the winding down of this program will result in greater sales, market share, and increased gross margins to the Company. In addition, there can be no assurance that this action will not result in the availability of fewer application software titles for the Mac OS, which may result in a decrease to the Company's sales, market share and gross margins. Finally, even if the restructuring is successfully implemented, there can be no assurance that it will effectively resolve the various issues currently facing the Company. Although the Company believes that the actions it is taking in connection with the restructuring, including its acquisition of NeXT and the winding down of its Mac OS licensing program, should help restore marketplace confidence in the Company, there can be no assurance that such actions will enable the Company to achieve its objectives of reducing its cost structure, improving its competitiveness, and restoring sustainable profitability. The Company's future consolidated operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected should it encounter difficulty in effectively managing the restructuring and new cost structure.
Additional information relating to the restructuring of operations may be found in Part I of this Form 10-Q in Note 3 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited), which information is hereby incorporated by reference.
Product Introductions and Transitions
Due to the highly volatile nature of the personal computer industry, which is characterized by dynamic customer demand patterns and rapid technological advances, the Company must continuously introduce new products and technologies and enhance existing products in order to remain competitive. Recent introductions include certain PowerBook and Power Macintosh products, including the Power Macintosh G3 computers in November 1997, and the introduction of Mac OS 8 in July 1997. The success of new product introductions is dependent on a number of
factors, including market acceptance, the Company's ability to manage the risks associated with product transitions, the availability of application software for new products, the effective management of inventory levels in line with anticipated product demand, the availability of products in appropriate quantities to meet anticipated demand, and the risk that new products may have quality or other defects in the early stages of introduction. Accordingly, the Company cannot determine the effect that new products will have on its sales or results of operations. In addition, although the number of new product introductions may decrease as a result of the Company's restructuring actions, the risks and uncertainties associated with new product introductions may increase as the Company refocuses its product offerings on key growth segments and to the extent new product introductions are in markets that are new to the Company.
The rate of product shipments immediately following introduction of a new product is not necessarily an indication of the future rate of shipments for that product, which depends on many factors, some of which are not under the control of the Company. These factors may include initial large purchases by a small segment of the user population that tends to purchase new technology prior to its acceptance by the majority of users ("early adopters"); purchases in satisfaction of pent-up demand by users who anticipated new technology and, as a result, deferred purchases of other products; and overordering by dealers who anticipate shortages due to the aforementioned factors. These factors may be offset by others, such as the deferral of purchases by many users until new technology is accepted as "proven" and for which commonly used software products are available; and the reduction of orders by dealers once they believe they can obtain sufficient supply of products previously in backlog.
Backlog is often volatile after new product introductions due to the aforementioned demand factors, often increasing coincident with introduction, and then decreasing once dealers and customers believe they can obtain sufficient supply of the new products. The Company has in the past experienced difficulty in anticipating demand for new products, resulting in product shortages which have adversely affected the Company's operating results.
The measurement of demand for newly introduced products is further complicated by the availability of different product configurations, which may include various types of built-in peripherals and software. Configurations may also require certain localization (such as language) for various markets and, as a result, demand in different geographic areas may be a function of the availability of third-party software in those localized versions. For example, the availability of European- language versions of software products manufactured by U.S. producers may lag behind the availability of U.S. versions by a quarter or more. This may result in lower initial demand for the Company's new products outside the U.S., even though localized versions of the Company's products may be available.
The increasing integration of new or enhanced functions and complexity of operations of the Company's products also increase the risk that latent defects or other faults could be discovered by customers or end-users after volumes of products have been produced or shipped. If such defects were significant, the Company could incur material recall and replacement costs under product warranties.
The Company has announced plans for two operating systems. The Company plans to continue to introduce major upgrades to the current Mac OS and later introduce a new operating system (code named "Rhapsody") which is expected to offer advanced functionality based on Apple and NeXT software technologies. However, the NeXT software technologies that the Company plans to use in the development of Rhapsody were not originally designed to be compatible with the Mac OS. As a result, there can be no assurance that the development of Rhapsody can be completed at reasonable cost or at all. In addition, Rhapsody may not be fully backward-compatible with all existing applications, which could result in a loss of existing customers. Finally, it is uncertain whether Rhapsody or the planned enhancements to the current Mac OS will gain developer support and market acceptance. Inability to successfully develop and make timely delivery of a substantially backward-compatible Rhapsody or of planned enhancements to the current Mac OS, or to gain developer support and market acceptance for those operating systems, may have an adverse impact on the Company's consolidated operating results and financial condition.
The personal computer industry is highly competitive and is characterized by aggressive pricing practices, downward pressure on gross margins, frequent introduction of new products, short product life cycles, continual improvement in product price/performance characteristics, price sensitivity on the part of consumers, and a large number of competitors. The Company's consolidated results of operations and financial condition have been, and in the future may continue to be, adversely affected by industry wide pricing pressures and downward pressures on gross margins. The industry has also been characterized by rapid technological advances in software functionality and hardware performance and features based on existing or emerging industry standards. Many of the Company's competitors have greater financial, marketing, manufacturing, and technological resources, as well as broader product lines and larger installed customer bases than those of the Company.
The Company's future consolidated operating results and financial condition may be affected by overall demand for personal computers and general customer preferences for one platform over another or one set of product features over another.
The Company is currently the primary maker of hardware that uses the Mac OS. The Mac OS has a minority market share in the personal computer market, which is dominated by makers of computers that run the Microsoft Windows 95 and Windows NT operating systems. The Company believes that the Mac OS, with its perceived advantages over Windows, and the general reluctance of the Macintosh installed base to incur the costs of switching platforms, have been driving forces behind sales of the Company's personal computer hardware for the past several years. Recent innovations in the Windows platform, including those included in Windows 95 and Windows NT, or those expected to be included in a new version of Windows to be introduced in 1998, have added features to the Windows platform that make the differences between the Mac OS and Microsoft's Windows operating systems less significant. The Company is currently taking and will continue to take steps to respond to the competitive pressures being placed on its personal computer sales as a result of the recent innovations in the Windows platform. The Company's future consolidated operating results and financial condition will be substantially dependent on its ability to maintain continuing improvements to the Macintosh platform in order to maintain perceived functional advantages over competing platforms.
The Company had previously entered into agreements to license its Mac OS to other personal computer vendors (the "Clone Vendors") as part of an effort to increase the installed base for the Macintosh platform. The Company recently determined that the benefits of licensing the Mac OS to the Clone Vendors under these agreements were more than offset by the impact and costs of the licensing program. As a result, the Company agreed to acquire certain assets, including the license to distribute the Mac OS, of PCC, a Clone Vendor, and has no plans to renew its other Mac OS licensing agreements. Although the Company believes that this winding down of its licensing program will help reduce the adverse impact of the licensing program on the Company's sales, market share and gross margins, there can be no assurance that this will occur. In addition, there can be no assurance that this winding down of the licensing program will not result in the availability of fewer application software titles for the Mac OS, which may result in a decrease to the Company's sales, market share and gross margins.
As a supplemental means of addressing the competition from Windows and other platforms, the Company had previously devoted substantial resources toward developing personal computer products capable of running application software designed for the Windows operating systems. These products include an add-on card containing a Pentium or 586-class microprocessor that enables users to run applications concurrently that require the Mac OS, Windows 3.1 or Windows 95 operating systems. The Company plans to transition the cross-platform business to third-parties during 1998. There can be no assurance that this transition will be successful.
The Company, International Business Machines Corporation and Motorola, Inc. had agreed upon and announced the availability of specifications for a PowerPC microprocessor- based hardware platform (the "Platform"). These specifications defined a "unified" personal computer architecture that would have given the Clone Vendors broad access to the Power Macintosh platform and would have utilized standard industry components. The Company had intended to license the Mac OS to manufacturers of the Platform. However, the Company has decided it will no longer support the Platform based upon its decision to wind down its Mac OS licensing program, and because of
little industry support for the Platform. The decision not to further develop this Platform may affect the Company's ability to increase the installed base for the Macintosh platform.
Several competitors of the Company have either targeted or announced their intention to target certain of the Company's key market segments, including education and publishing. Many of these companies have greater financial, marketing, manufacturing, and technological resources than the Company.
In August 1997, the Company and Microsoft entered into patent cross licensing and technology agreements. Under these agreements, the companies provided patent cross licenses to each other. In addition, for a period of five years from August 1997, Microsoft will make future versions of its Microsoft Office and Internet Explorer products for the Mac OS, and the Company will bundle the Internet Explorer product with Mac OS system software releases and make that product the default Internet browser for such releases. In addition, Microsoft purchased 150,000 shares of Apple Series 'A' non-voting convertible preferred stock for $150 million. While the Company believes that its relationship with Microsoft will be beneficial to the Company and to its efforts to increase the installed base for the Mac OS, the Microsoft relationship is for a limited term and does not cover many of the areas in which the Company competes with Microsoft, including the Windows platform. In addition, the Microsoft relationship may have an adverse effect on, among other things, the Company's relationship with other partners. There can be no assurance that the benefits to the Company of the Microsoft relationship will not be offset by the disadvantages.
Support from Third-Party Software Developers
Decisions by customers to purchase the Company's personal computers, as opposed to Windows-based systems, are often based on the availability of third-party software for particular applications. The Company believes that the availability of third-party application software for the Company's hardware products depends in part on third-party developers' perception and analysis of the relative benefits of developing, maintaining, and upgrading such software for the Company's products versus software for the larger Windows market. This analysis is based on factors such as the perceived strength of the Company and its products, the anticipated potential revenue that may be generated, and the costs of developing such software products. To the extent the Company's recent financial losses and declining demand for the Company's products, as well as the Company's decision to wind down its Mac OS licensing program, have caused software developers to question the Company's prospects in the personal computer market, developers could be less inclined to develop new application software or upgrade existing software for the Company's products and more inclined to devote their resources to developing and upgrading software for the larger Windows market. Moreover, the Company's current plan to introduce a new operating system (code named "Rhapsody") could cause software developers to stop developing software for the current Mac OS. In addition, there can be no assurance that software developers will decide to develop software for the new operating system on a timely basis or at all.
Microsoft is an important developer of application software for the Company's products. Although the Company has entered into a relationship with Microsoft, which includes Microsoft's agreement to develop and ship future versions of its Microsoft Office and Internet Explorer products and certain other Microsoft tools for the Mac OS, such relationship is for a limited term and does not cover many areas in which the Company competes with Microsoft. Accordingly, Microsoft's interest in producing application software for the Mac OS not covered by the relationship or upon expiration of the relationship may be influenced by Microsoft's perception of its interests as the vendor of the Windows operating system.
Global Market Risks
A large portion of the Company's revenue is derived from its international operations. As a result, the Company's consolidated operations and financial results could be significantly affected by risks associated with international activities, including economic and labor conditions, political instability, tax laws (including U.S. taxes on foreign subsidiaries), and changes in the value of the U.S. dollar versus the local currency in which the products are sold.
Countries in the Asia Pacific region, including Japan, have recently experienced weaknesses in their currency, banking and equity markets. These weaknesses could adversely affect consumer demand for the Company's products,
the U.S. dollar value of the Company's foreign currency denominated sales, the availability and supply of product components to the Company, and ultimately the Company's consolidated results of operations.
When the U.S. dollar strengthens against other currencies, the U.S. dollar value of non-U.S. dollar-based sales decreases. When the U.S. dollar weakens, the U.S. dollar value of non- U.S. dollar-based sales increases. Correspondingly, the U.S. dollar value of non-U.S. dollar-based costs increases when the U.S. dollar weakens and decreases when the U.S. dollar strengthens. Overall, the Company is a net receiver of currencies other than the U.S. dollar and, as such, benefits from a weaker dollar and is adversely affected by a stronger dollar relative to major currencies worldwide. Accordingly, changes in exchange rates, and in particular a strengthening of the U.S. dollar, may negatively affect the Company's consolidated sales and gross margins (as expressed in U.S. dollars).
While the Company is exposed with respect to fluctuations in the interest rates of many of the world's leading industrialized countries, the Company's interest income and expense is most sensitive to fluctuations in the general level of U.S. interest rates. In this regard, changes in U.S. interest rates affect the interest earned on the Company's cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments as well as costs associated with foreign currency hedges. To mitigate the impact of fluctuations in U.S. interest rates, the Company has entered into interest rate swap, collar, and floor transactions.
To ensure the adequacy and effectiveness of the Company's foreign exchange and interest rate hedge positions, as well as to monitor the risks and opportunities of the nonhedge portfolios, the Company continually monitors its foreign exchange forward and option positions, and its interest rate swap, option and floor positions both on a stand-alone basis and in conjunction with its underlying foreign currency- and interest rate-related exposures, respectively, from both an accounting and an economic perspective. However, given the effective horizons of the Company's risk management activities, there can be no assurance that the aforementioned programs will offset more than a portion of the adverse financial impact resulting from unfavorable movements in either foreign exchange or interest rates. In addition, the timing of the accounting for recognition of gains and losses related to mark-to-market instruments for any given period may not coincide with the timing of gains and losses related to the underlying economic exposures and, therefore, may adversely affect the Company's consolidated operating results and financial position. The Company does not engage in leveraged hedging.
The Company's current financial condition may increase the costs of its hedging transactions, as well as affect the nature of the hedging transactions into which the Company's counterparties are willing to enter.
Inventory and Supply
The Company makes a provision for inventories of products that have become obsolete or are in excess of anticipated demand, accrues for any cancellation fees of orders for inventories that have been canceled, and accrues for the estimated costs to correct any product quality problems. Although the Company believes its inventory and related provisions are adequate given the rapid and unpredictable pace of product obsolescence in the computer industry, no assurance can be given that the Company will not incur additional inventory and related charges. In addition, such charges have had, and may again have, a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial position and results of operations.
The Company must order components for its products and build inventory well in advance of product shipments. Because the Company's markets are volatile and subject to rapid technology and price changes, there is a risk that the Company will forecast incorrectly and produce excess or insufficient inventories of particular products. The Company's consolidated operating results and financial condition have been in the past and may in the future be materially adversely affected by the Company's ability to manage its inventory levels and respond to short-term shifts in customer demand patterns.
Certain of the Company's products are manufactured in whole or in part by third-party manufacturers, either pursuant to design specifications of the Company or otherwise. As part of its restructuring actions, the Company sold its Fountain, Colorado, manufacturing facility to SCI and entered into a related manufacturing outsourcing agreement with SCI; sold its Singapore printed circuit board manufacturing assets to NatSteel Electronics Pte., Ltd., which is
expected to supply main logic boards to the Company under a manufacturing outsourcing agreement; entered into an agreement with Ryder Integrated Logistics, Inc. to outsource the Company's domestic operations transportation and logistics management; and has entered into other similar agreements to outsource the Company's European operations transportation and logistics management. As a result of the foregoing actions, the proportion of the Company's products produced and distributed under outsourcing arrangements will continue to increase. While outsourcing arrangements may lower the fixed cost of operations, they will also reduce the direct control the Company has over production and distribution. It is uncertain what effect such diminished control will have on the quality or quantity of the products manufactured, or the flexibility of the Company to respond to changing market conditions. Furthermore, any efforts by the Company to manage its inventory under outsourcing arrangements could subject the Company to liquidated damages or cancellation of the arrangement. Moreover, although arrangements with such manufacturers may contain provisions for warranty expense reimbursement, the Company remains at least initially responsible to the ultimate consumer for warranty service. Accordingly, in the event of product defects or warranty liability, the Company may remain primarily liable. Any unanticipated product defect or warranty liability, whether pursuant to arrangements with contract manufacturers or otherwise, could adversely affect the Company's future consolidated operating results and financial condition.
Although certain components essential to the Company's business are generally available from multiple sources, other key components (including microprocessors and application specific integrated circuits ("ASICs")) are currently obtained by the Company from single sources. If the supply of a key single-sourced component were to be delayed or curtailed, the Company's business and financial performance could be adversely affected, depending on the time required to obtain sufficient quantities from the original source, or to identify and obtain sufficient quantities from an alternate source. The Company believes that the availability from suppliers to the personal computer industry of microprocessors and ASICs presents the most significant potential for constraining the Company's ability to manufacture products. Some advanced microprocessors are currently in the early stages of ramp-up for production and thus have limited availability. The Company and other producers in the personal computer industry also compete for other semiconductor products with other industries that have experienced increased demand for such products, due to either increased consumer demand or increased use of semiconductors in their products (such as the cellular phone and automotive industries). Finally, the Company uses some components that are not common to the rest of the personal computer industry (including certain microprocessors and ASICs). Continued availability of these components may be affected if producers were to decide to concentrate on the production of common components instead of components customized to meet the Company's requirements. Such product supply constraints and corresponding increased costs could decrease the Company's net sales and adversely affect the Company's consolidated operating results and financial condition.
The Company's ability to produce and market competitive products is also dependent on the ability and desire of IBM and Motorola, the sole suppliers of the PowerPC RISC microprocessor for the Company's Macintosh computers, to supply to the Company in adequate numbers microprocessors that produce superior price/performance results compared with those supplied to the Company's competitors by Intel Corporation, and other developers and producers of the microprocessors used by most personal computers using the Windows operating systems. The desire of IBM and Motorola to continue producing these microprocessors may be influenced by Microsoft's decision not to adapt its Windows NT operating system software to run on the PowerPC microprocessor. IBM produces personal computers based on Intel microprocessors as well as workstations based on the PowerPC microprocessor, and is also the developer of OS/2, a competing operating system to the Company's Mac OS. Accordingly, IBM's interest in supplying the Company with microprocessors for the Company's products may be influenced by IBM's perception of its interests as a competing manufacturer of personal computers and as a competing operating system vendor. In addition, Motorola has recently announced its intention to stop producing Macintosh clones. As a result, Motorola may be less inclined to continue to produce PowerPC microprocessors.
The Company's current financial condition and uncertainties related to recent events could affect the terms on which suppliers are willing to supply the Company with their products. There can be no assurance that the Company's current suppliers will continue to supply the Company on terms acceptable to the Company or that the Company will be able to obtain comparable products from alternate sources on such terms. The Company's future consolidated operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected if the Company is unable to continue to obtain key components on terms substantially similar to those currently available to the Company.
Marketing and Distribution
A number of uncertainties may affect the marketing and distribution of the Company's products. Currently, the Company distributes its products through wholesalers, resellers, mass merchants, and cataloguers (collectively referred to as "resellers") and direct to higher education institutions. In addition, in November 1997 the Company began selling many of its products directly to end users in the U.S. through the Company's on-line store. Many of the Company's significant resellers operate on narrow product margins. Most such resellers also distribute products from competing manufacturers. The Company's business and financial results could be adversely affected if the financial condition of these resellers weakened or if resellers within consumer channels were to decide not to continue to distribute the Company's products.
Uncertainty over demand for the Company's products may continue to cause resellers to reduce their ordering and marketing of the Company's products. In addition, the Company has in the past and may in the future experience delays in ordering by resellers in light of uncertain demand for the Company's products. Under the Company's arrangements with its resellers, resellers have the option to reduce or eliminate unfilled orders previously placed, in most instances without financial penalty. Resellers also have the option to return products to the Company without penalty within certain limits, beyond which they may be assessed fees. The Company has recently revised its channel program, including decreasing the number of resellers and reducing returns, price protection and certain rebate programs, in an effort to reduce channel inventory, increase inventory turns, increase product support within the channel and improve gross margins. In addition, in November 1997 the Company opened its on-line store in the U.S. which makes many of the Company's products available directly to the end-user. Although the Company believes the foregoing changes will improve its consolidated operating results and financial condition, there can be no assurance that this will occur.
Change in Senior Management
On July 9, 1997, the Company announced that Dr. Gilbert F. Amelio had resigned his positions as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer and that the Company was initiating a search for a new Chief Executive Officer. While the Company intends to name a new Chief Executive Officer as soon as practicable, there can be no assurance that the change in senior management and related uncertainties will not adversely affect the Company's consolidated operating results and financial condition during the period until a new Chief Executive Officer is hired and afterward. In addition, certain members of the Company's senior management have been with the Company for less than twelve months. There can be no assurance that new members of the management team can be successfully assimilated, that the Company will be able to satisfactorily allocate responsibilities or that such new members of its management will succeed in their roles in a timely and efficient manner. The Company's failure to recruit, retain and assimilate new executives, or the failure of any such executive to perform effectively, or the loss of any such executive, could have a material adverse impact on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations.
Changes to Board of Directors
The Company announced on August 6, 1997 significant changes to its Board of Directors, replacing all but two former directors. The continuing directors are Gareth C.C. Chang, Corporate Senior Vice President, Marketing, Hughes Electronics and President, Hughes International, and Edgar S. Woolard, Jr., retired Chairman of E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Company. The new directors are William V. Campbell, President and CEO of Intuit Corp.; Lawrence J. Ellison, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Oracle Corp.; Steven P. Jobs, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Pixar Animation Studios; and Jerome B. York, Vice Chairman of Tracinda Corporation and former Chief Financial Officer of IBM and Chrysler Corporation.
Dependence on Key Employees
During the past several years, the Company has experienced significant voluntary employee turnover as a result of employees' concerns over the Company's prospects, as well as the abundance of career opportunities available elsewhere. The Company is dependent on its key employees in order to achieve its business plan. There can be no assurance the Company will be able to attract, motivate and retain key employees. Failure to do so may have a significant effect on the Company's consolidated operating results and financial condition.
The Company is in the process of identifying operating and application software challenges related to the year 2000. While the Company expects to resolve year 2000 compliance issues substantially through normal replacement and upgrades of software, there can be no assurance that there will not be interruption of operations or other limitations of system functionality or that the Company will not incur substantial costs to avoid such limitations. Any failure to effectively monitor, implement or improve the Company's operational, financial, management and technical support systems could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business and consolidated results of operations.
The majority of the Company's research and development activities, its corporate headquarters, and other critical business operations, including certain major vendors, are located near major seismic faults. The Company's consolidated operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected in the event of a major earthquake.
Production and marketing of products in certain states and countries may subject the Company to environmental and other regulations which include, in some instances, the requirement that the Company provide consumers with the ability to return to the Company product at the end of its useful life, and leave responsibility for environmentally safe disposal or recycling with the Company. It is unclear what effect such regulations will have on the Company's future consolidated operating results and financial condition.
The Company recently decided to replace its existing transaction systems in the U.S. (which include order management, product procurement, distribution, and finance) with a single integrated system as part of its ongoing effort to increase operational efficiency. Substantially all of the transaction systems in the European operations were replaced with the same integrated system in 1997. The Company's future consolidated operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected if the Company is unable to implement and effectively manage the transition to this new integrated system.
Because of the foregoing factors, as well as other factors affecting the Company's consolidated operating results and financial condition, past financial performance should not be considered to be a reliable indicator of future performance, and investors should not use historical trends to anticipate results or trends in future periods. In addition, the Company's participation in a highly dynamic industry often results in significant volatility of the Company's common stock price.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Company's consolidated financial position with respect to cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments increased to $1,627 million as of December 26, 1997, from $1,459 million as of September 26, 1997. The Company's cash and cash equivalent balances as of December 26, 1997 and September 26, 1997 include $164 million and $165 million, respectively, pledged as collateral to support letters of credit primarily associated with the Company's purchase commitments under the terms of the sale of the Company's Fountain, Colorado, manufacturing facility to SCI.
Cash generated by operations during the first quarter of 1998 totaled $143 million. Cash generated by operations was primarily the result of positive earnings and decreases in accounts receivable and inventories, partially offset by decreases in accounts payable and other current liabilities and payments related to restructuring actions.
Net cash used for the purchase of property, plant, and equipment totaled $7 million in the first quarter of 1998, and consisted primarily of increases in manufacturing machinery and equipment. The Company expects that the level of capital expenditures in the second quarter of 1998 will increase slightly as compared to the first quarter.
Over the last two years, the Company's debt ratings have been downgraded to non-investment grade. In October 1997, the Company's senior and subordinated long-term debt were downgraded to B- and CCC, respectively, by Standard and Poor's Rating Agency. The Company's senior and subordinated long-term debt ratings by Moody's Investor Services remain unchanged from the second quarter of 1997, when they were downgraded to B3 and Caa2, respectively. Both Standard and Poor's Rating Agency and Moody's Investor Services have the Company on negative outlook. These actions may increase the Company's cost of funds in future periods. In addition, the Company may be required to pledge additional collateral with respect to certain of its borrowings and letters of credit and to agree to more stringent covenants than in the past.
The Company believes that its balances of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments, and continued short- term borrowings from banks, will be sufficient to meet its cash requirements over the next twelve months. Expected cash requirements over the next twelve months include an estimated $102 million to effect actions under the restructuring plan, most of which will be effected during fiscal 1998. No assurance can be given that any additional required financing could be obtained should the restructuring plan take longer to implement than anticipated or be unsuccessful. If the Company is unable to obtain such financing, its liquidity, results of operations, and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
The Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") has proposed federal income tax deficiencies for the years 1984 through 1991, and the Company has made certain prepayments thereon. The Company contested the proposed deficiencies by filing petitions with the U.S. Tax Court, and most of the issues in dispute have now been resolved. On June 30, 1997, the IRS proposed income tax adjustments for the years 1992 through 1994. Although a substantial number of the issues for these years have been resolved, certain issues still remain in dispute and are being contested by the Company. Management believes that adequate provision has been made for any adjustments that may result from tax examinations.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Abraham and Evelyn Kostick Trust v. Peter Crisp et al. In January 1996, a purported shareholder class action styled Abraham and Evelyn Kostick Trust v. Peter Crisp et. al was filed in the California Superior Court for Santa Clara County naming the Company and its then directors as defendants. The complaint sought injunctive relief and damages and alleged that acts of mismanagement resulted in a depressed price for the Company. In February 1996, the complaint was amended to add a former director as a defendant and to add purported class and derivative claims based on theories such as breach of fiduciary duty, misrepresentation, and insider trading. In July 1996, the Court sustained defendants' demurrer and dismissed the amended complaint on a variety of grounds and granted plaintiffs leave to amend the complaint. In October 1996, the plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint naming the Company's then directors and certain former directors as defendants and again alleging purported class and derivative claims, seeking injunctive relief and damages (compensatory and punitive) based on theories such as breach of fiduciary duty, misrepresentation, and insider trading. In July 1997, the Court granted in part and denied in part the Company's motion to strike most of the substantive allegations of the second amended complaint. The Court sustained the demurrer to plaintiffs' class claims but overruled the demurrer to the shareholder derivative claims. In September 1997, the Company brought a motion to reconsider portions of the court order. The Third Amended Complaint was filed in October 1997, and eliminated the class action claims and restated claims against certain directors and former directors. In November 1997, the Company's Board of Directors appointed a special investigation committee and engaged independent counsel to assist in the investigation of the claims made in the Third Amended Complaint. Also in November 1997, the Company filed a demurrer to the Third Amended Complaint. A hearing is set for February 1998.
LS Men's Clothing Defined Benefit Pension Fund v. Michael Spindler et al. In May 1996, an action was filed in the California Superior Court for Alameda County naming as defendants the Company and certain of its current and former officers and directors. The complaint seeks compensatory and punitive damages and generally alleges that the defendants misrepresented or omitted material facts about the Company's operations and financial results, which plaintiff contends artificially inflated the price of the Company's stock. The case was transferred to the California Superior Court for Santa Clara County. In July 1997, the Court sustained the Company's demurrer dismissing the amended complaint with leave to amend, after which plaintiff served a second amended complaint. In September 1997, the Company and the two remaining individual defendants (former directors Markkula and Spindler) brought a motion to dismiss the second amended complaint. In October 1997, the Court granted the motion to dismiss in its entirety with leave to amend as to certain defendants and claims. In November 1997, the plaintiff filed a third amended complaint, adding a former director as a defendant and alleging further misrepresentations by the defendants about the Company's operations and financial results. In January 1998, the Company and the three individual defendants brought a motion to dismiss the third amended complaint, which is set for hearing in February 1998.
"Repetitive Stress Injury" Litigation
The Company is named in approximately 60 lawsuits, alleging that plaintiffs incurred so-called "repetitive stress" injuries to their upper extremities as a result of using keyboards and/or mouse input devices sold by the Company. These actions are similar to those filed against other major suppliers of personal computers. In October 1996, the Company prevailed in the first full trial to go to verdict against the Company. Since then, approximately ten lawsuits have been dismissed with prejudice by the plaintiffs, and two others have been dismissed by court order. The remaining actions are in various stages of pretrial activity. Ultimate resolution of these cases may depend on industry-wide progress in resolving similar litigation, as well as on the impact of the recent decision handed down by the New York Court of Appeals in the case of Blanco v. American Telephone and Telegraph Co. (a majority of the cases naming the Company as a defendant were filed in New York, and are subject to the decision). In that decision, the court announced a new standard for determining when the statute of limitations period begins to accrue in so-
called "repetitive stress" injury cases. While the decision could result in the revival of some cases which were previously dismissed, the decision will not cause the Company to alter its strategy in these cases.
In August 1995, the Company was named, along with 41 other entities, including computer manufacturers and computer monitor vendors, in a putative nationwide class action filed in the California Superior Court for Orange County, styled Keith Long et al. v. AAmazing Technologies Corp. et al. The complaint alleges that each of the defendants engaged in false or misleading advertising with respect to the size of computer monitor screens. Also in August 1995, the Company was named as the sole defendant in a purported class action alleging similar claims filed in the New Jersey Superior Court for Camden County, entitled Mahendri Shah v. Apple Computer, Inc. Subsequently, in November 1995, the Company, along with 26 other entities, was named in a purported class action alleging similar claims filed in the New Jersey Superior Court for Essex County, entitled Maizes & Maizes v. Apple Computer, Inc. et al. Similar putative class actions have been filed in other California counties in which the Company was not named as a defendant. The complaints in all of these cases seek restitution in the form of refunds or product exchange, damages, punitive damages, and attorneys fees. In December 1995, the California Judicial Council ordered all of the California actions, including Long, coordinated for purposes of pretrial proceedings and trial before a single judge, the Honorable William Cahill, sitting in the County of San Francisco. All of the California actions were subsequently coordinated under the name In re Computer Monitor Litigation, and a master consolidated complaint was filed superseding all of the individual complaints in those actions. In July 1996, Judge Cahill ordered all of the California cases dismissed without leave to amend as to plaintiffs residing in California on the ground that a stipulated judgment entered in September 1995 in a prior action brought by the California Attorney General alleging the same cause of action was res judicata as to the plaintiffs in the consolidated California class action suits. This order may be subject to appellate review at a later stage of the proceedings. Both the New Jersey cases and the consolidated California cases are at a preliminary stage, with no discovery having taken place. In March 1997, the Court in the case styled In re Computer Monitor Litigation preliminarily approved a proposed settlement to which the Company and all but three of the other defendants in the action would be parties and provisionally certified a nationwide settlement class with respect thereto. A hearing regarding final approval of the proposed settlement was held on June 30, 1997 and the Court's decision is pending. If approved, the Company does not anticipate its obligations pursuant to the proposed settlement will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated results of operations or financial condition as reported in the accompanying financial statements.
Exponential Technology v. Apple
Plaintiff alleges in a lawsuit styled Exponential Technology, Inc. v. Apple Computer, Inc. that the Company, which was an investor in Exponential, breached its fiduciary duty to Exponential by misusing confidential information about its financial situation to cause Exponential to fail, and that the Company fraudulently misrepresented the facts about allowing Exponential to sell its processors to the Company Mac OS licensees. The lawsuit is filed in California State Court in Santa Clara County. In November 1997, the Company filed a demurrer to portions of the complaint, which the court granted in part. In January 1998, plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint.
On August 21, 1997, the Federal Trade Commission issued its consent decree against the Company, regarding the Company's past processor upgrade practices, specifically certain advertisements which the Commission deemed to have misrepresented the Company's marketing of certain microprocessor upgrade products. Pursuant to the order, the Company is ordered to cease and desist from any such allegedly misleading advertising, to give notice to consumers, and to implement certain programs enabling consumers who are within the order's scope to obtain upgrade kits or rebates, in connection with any purchases within the scope of the order. The Company has complied with all provisions of the order currently effective, and has filed its 60-day compliance with the Commission on October 17, 1997.
The Company has various other claims, lawsuits, disputes with third parties, investigations and pending actions involving allegations of false or misleading advertising, product defects, discrimination, infringement of intellectual property rights, and breach of contract and other matters against the Company and its subsidiaries incident to the operation of its business. The liability, if any, associated with these matters is not determinable.
The Company believes the resolution of the matters cited above will not have a material adverse effect on its financial condition as reported in the accompanying financial statements. However, depending on the amount and timing of any unfavorable resolution of these lawsuits, it is possible that the Company's future consolidated results of operations or cash flows could be materially affected in a particular period.
Item 6. Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K
(a) Exhibits Exhibit Number Description 10.A.5 1990 Stock Option Plan, as amended through November 5, 1997. 27 Financial Data Schedule.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
APPLE COMPUTER, INC.
By: /s/Fred D. Anderson Fred D. Anderson Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer February 6, 1998
INDEX TO EXHIBITS
Number Description Page
10.A.5 1990 Stock Option Plan, as amended through November 5, 1997. 29
27 Financial Data Schedule. 38
APPLE COMPUTER, INC.
1990 STOCK OPTION PLAN
(as amended through 11/5/97)
1. Purposes of the Plan. The purposes of this 1990 Stock
Option Plan are to attract and retain high quality personnel for
positions of substantial responsibility, to provide additional
incentive to Employees of the Company, its Subsidiaries and its
Affiliated Companies and to promote the success of the Company's
business. This Plan succeeds to and replaces the Company's 1981
Stock Option Plan. Options granted under the Plan may be incentive
stock options (as defined under Section 422 of the Code) or non-
statutory stock options, as determined by the Administrator at the
time of grant of an option and subject to the applicable provisions of
Section 422 of the Code, and the regulations promulgated thereunder. Stock appreciation rights ("SARs") may be granted under the Plan in connection with Options or independently of Options.
2. Definitions. As used herein, the following definitions shall apply:
(a) "Administrator" means the Board or any of its Committees, as shall be administering the Plan from time to time pursuant to Section 4 of the Plan.
(b) "Affiliated Company" means a corporation which is not a Subsidiary but with respect to which the Company owns, directly or indirectly through one or more Subsidiaries, at least 20% of the total voting power, unless the Administrator determines in its discretion that such corporation is not an Affiliated Company.
(c) "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Company.
(d) "Common Stock" means the Common Stock, no par value, of the Company.
(e) "Company" means Apple Computer, Inc., a California corporation, or its successor.
(f) "Committee" means a Committee, if any, appointed by the Board in accordance with paragraph (a) of Section 4 of the Plan.
(g) "Code" means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time, and any successor thereto.
(h) "Continuous Status as an Employee" means the absence of any interruption or termination of the employment relationship with the Company or any Subsidiary or Affiliated Company. Continuous Status as an Employee shall not be considered interrupted in the case of (i) medical leave, military leave, family leave, or any other leave of absence approved by the Administrator, provided, in each case, that such leave does not result in termination of the employment relationship with the Company or any Subsidiary or Affiliated Company, as the case may be, under the terms of the respective Company policy for such leave; or (ii) in the case of transfers between locations of the Company or between the Company, its Subsidiaries, its successor or its Affiliated Companies.
(i) "Director" means a member of the Board.
(j) "Employee" means any person, including Officers and Directors, employed by and on the payroll of the Company, any Subsidiary or any Affiliated Company. The payment of Directors' fees by the Company shall not be sufficient to constitute "employment" by the Company.
(k) "Exchange Act" means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
(l) "Fair Market Value" means the value of Common Stock determined as follows:
(i) If the Common Stock is listed on any established stock exchange or a national market system (including without limitation the National Market System of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. Automated Quotation ("NASDAQ") System), its Fair Market Value shall be the closing sales price for such stock or the closing bid if no sales were reported, as quoted on such system or exchange (or the exchange with the greatest volume of trading in the Common Stock) for the date of determination or, if the date of determination is not a trading day, the immediately preceding trading day, as reported in The Wall Street Journal or such other source as the Administrator deems reliable.
(ii) If the Common Stock is regularly quoted on the NASDAQ System (but not on the National Market System) or quoted by a recognized securities dealer but selling prices are not reported, its Fair Market Value shall be the mean between the high and low asked prices for the Common Stock on the date of determination or, if there are no quoted prices on the date of determination, on the last day on which there are quoted prices prior to the date of determination.
(iii) In the absence of an established market for the Common Stock, the Fair Market Value thereof shall be determined in good faith by the Administrator.
(m) "Officer" means an officer of the Company within the meaning of Section 16 of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
(n) "Nonstatutory Stock Option" means an Option that is not an Incentive Stock Option.
(o) "Incentive Stock Option" means an Option that satisfies the provisions of Section 422 of the Code and is expressly designated by the Administrator at the time of grant as an incentive stock option.
(p) "Option" means an Option granted pursuant to the Plan.
(q) "Optioned Stock" means the Common Stock subject to an Option or SAR.
(r) "Optionee" means an Employee who receives an Option or SAR.
(s) "Parent" corporation shall have the meaning defined in
Section 424(e) of the Code.
(t) "Plan" means this 1990 Stock Option Plan.
(u) "SAR" means a stock appreciation right granted pursuant to Section 9 below.
(v) "Share" means a share of the Common Stock, as adjusted in accordance with Section 12 of the Plan.
(w) "Subsidiary" corporation has the meaning defined in
Section 424(f) of the Code.
In addition, the terms "Rule 16b-3" and "Applicable Laws", the term "Insiders", the term "Tax Date" and the terms "Change in Control" and "Change in Control Price", shall have the meanings set forth, respectively, in Sections 4, 9, 10 and 12 below.
3. Stock Subject to the Plan. Subject to the provisions of Section 12 of the Plan, the maximum aggregate number of Shares which may be optioned and sold under the Plan or for which SARs may be granted and exercised is 52,200,000 Shares (including Shares issued under the 1981 Stock Option Plan, to which this Plan is a successor). The Shares may be authorized but unissued or reacquired Common Stock.
In the discretion of the Administrator, any or all of the Shares authorized under the Plan may be subject to SARs issued pursuant to the Plan.
If an Option or SAR issued under this Plan or under the Company's 1981 Stock Option Plan should expire or become unexercisable for any reason without having been exercised in full, the unpurchased Shares which were subject thereto shall, unless this Plan shall have been terminated, become available for other Options or SARs under this Plan. However, should the Company reacquire Shares which were issued pursuant to the exercise of an Option or SAR, such Shares shall not become available for future grant under the Plan.
Anything in the Plan to the contrary notwithstanding, no Employee may be granted Options and SARs covering in the aggregate more than 1.5 million shares of Common Stock (the "Limit") in a fiscal year beginning on or after September 30, 1995. Each share underlying a SAR not granted in tandem with an Option shall be applied against the Limit, regardless of the number of shares deliverable or delivered upon exercise of the SAR; provided, however, that shares of Common Stock underlying a tandem grant of Options and SARs shall be counted only once in calculating the Limit. The Limit shall not apply to grants of Options and SARs made prior to September 30, 1995."
4. Administration of the Plan.
(a) Composition of Administrator.
(1) Multiple Administrative Bodies. If permitted by Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act or any successor rule thereto, as in effect at the time that discretion is being exercised with respect to the Plan ("Rule 16b-3"), and by the legal requirements relating to the administration of stock plans such as the Plan, if any, of applicable securities laws, California corporate law and the Code (collectively, "Applicable Laws"), the Plan may (but need not) be administered by different administrative bodies with respect to (A) Directors who are not Employees, (B) Directors who are Employees, (C) Officers who are not Directors and (D) Employees who are neither Directors nor Officers.
(2) Administration with respect to Directors and Officers. With respect to grants and awards to Employees who are also Officers or Directors of the Company, the Plan may be administered by (A) the Board, if the Board may administer the Plan in compliance with Rule 16b-3 as it applies to grants to Officers and Directors, or (B) a Committee designated by the Board to administer the Plan, which Committee shall be constituted (I) in such a manner as to permit the Plan and grants and awards thereunder to comply with Rule 16b-3 as it applies to grants to Officers and Directors and (II) in such a manner as to satisfy the Applicable Laws.
(3) Administration with respect to Other Persons. With respect to grants and awards to Employees who are neither Directors nor Officers of the Company, the Plan may be administered by (A) the Board or (B) a Committee designated by the Board, which Committee shall be constituted in such a manner as to satisfy the Applicable Laws.
(4) General. Once a Committee has been appointed pursuant to subsection (2) or (3) of this Section 4(a), such Committee shall continue to serve in its designated capacity until otherwise directed by the Board. From time to time the Board may increase the size of any Committee and appoint additional members thereof, remove members (with or without cause) and appoint new members in substitution therefor, fill vacancies (however caused) and remove all members of a Committee and thereafter directly administer the Plan, all to the extent permitted by the Applicable Laws and, in the case of a Committee appointed under subsection (2) to the extent permitted by Rule 16b-3 as it applies to grants to Officers and Directors.
(b) Powers of the Administrator. Subject to the
provisions of the Plan and, in the case of a Committee, subject to the
specific duties delegated by the Board to such Committee, the
Administrator shall have the authority, in its discretion: (i) to
determine the Fair Market Value of the Common Stock in accordance
with Section 2(l) of the Plan; (ii) to determine, in accordance with
Section 8(a) of the Plan, the exercise price per Share of Options and SARs to be granted; (iii) to determine the Employees to whom, and the time or times at which, Options and SARs shall be granted and the number of Shares to be represented by each Option or SAR (including without limitation whether or not a corporation shall be excluded from the definition of Affiliated Company under Section
2(b)); (iv) to interpret the Plan; (v) to determine the terms and conditions, not inconsistent with the terms of the Plan, of any Option or SAR granted hereunder (including, but not limited to, any restriction or limitation, or any vesting acceleration or waiver of forfeiture restrictions regarding any Option or SAR and/or the Shares relating thereto, based in each case on such factors as the Administrator shall determine, in its sole discretion); (vi) to approve forms of agreement for use under the Plan; (vii) to prescribe, amend and rescind rules and regulations relating to the Plan; (viii) to modify or amend each Option or SAR (with the consent of the Optionee) or accelerate the exercise date of any Option or SAR; (ix) to reduce the exercise price of any Option or SAR to the then current Fair Market Value if the Fair Market Value of the Common Stock covered by such Option or SAR shall have declined since the date the Option or SAR was granted; (x) to authorize any person to execute on behalf of the Company any instrument required to effectuate the grant of an Option or SAR previously granted by the Administrator; and (xi) to make all other determinations deemed necessary or advisable for the administration of the Plan.
(c) Effect of Decisions by the Administrator. All decisions, determinations and interpretations of the Administrator shall be final and binding on all Optionees and any other holders of any Options.
(d) Anything in the Plan to the contrary notwithstanding, on and after September 30, 1995, grants of Options and SARs under the Plan to Officers shall be made only by a Committee consisting of at least two directors of the Company who qualify as "outside directors" within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code, and such Committee shall exercise all of the authority delegated under the Plan to the Administrator with respect to grants to Officers made on and after that date.
5. Eligibility. Options and SARs may be granted only to Employees. An Employee who has been granted an Option or SAR may, if he or she is otherwise eligible, be granted an additional Option or Options, SAR or SARs. Each Option shall be evidenced by a written Option agreement, which shall expressly identify the Options as Incentive Stock Options or as Nonstatutory Stock Options, and which shall be in such form and contain such provisions as the Administrator shall from time to time deem appropriate. However, notwithstanding such designation, to the extent that the aggregate Fair Market Value of the Shares with respect to which Options designated as Incentive Stock Options and options granted under other plans of the Company or any Parent or Subsidiary that are designated as incentive stock options are exercisable for the first time by an Optionee during any calendar year exceeds $100,000, such excess Options shall be treated as Nonstatutory Stock Options. For purposes of the preceding sentence, (i) Options shall be taken into account in the order in which they were granted, and (ii) the Fair Market Value of the Shares shall be determined as of the time the Option or other incentive stock option with respect to such Shares is granted. Without limiting the foregoing, the Administrator may, at any time, or from time to time, authorize the Company, with the consent of the respective recipients, to issue new Options or Options in exchange for the surrender and cancellation of any or all outstanding Options, other options, SARs or other stock appreciation rights.
Neither the Plan nor any Option or SAR agreement shall confer upon any Optionee any right with respect to continuation of employment by the Company (or any Parent, Subsidiary or Affiliated Company), nor shall it interfere in any way with the Optionee's right or the right of the Company (or any Parent, Subsidiary or Affiliated Company) to terminate the Optionee's employment at any time or for any reason.
6. Term of Plan. The Plan shall become effective upon its
adoption by the Board or its approval by vote of the holders of a
majority of the outstanding Shares of the Company entitled to vote
on the adoption of the Plan, whichever is earlier. It shall continue in
effect for a term of ten (10) years unless sooner terminated under
Section 14 of the Plan.
7. Term of Option. The term of each Option shall be ten
(10) years from the date of grant thereof or such shorter term as may be provided in the Option agreement. However, in the case of an Incentive Stock Option granted to an Optionee who, at the time the Incentive Stock Option is granted, owns stock representing more than ten percent (10%) of the voting power of all classes of stock of the Company or any Parent or Subsidiary, the term of the Option shall be five (5) years from the date of grant thereof or such shorter time as may be provided in the Option agreement.
8. Exercise Price and Consideration.
(a) Exercise Price. The per Share exercise price for
the Shares issuable pursuant to an Option shall be such price as is
determined by the Administrator, but shall in no event be less than
100% of the Fair Market Value of Common Stock, determined as of
the date of grant of the Option. In the event that the Administrator
shall reduce the exercise price, the exercise price shall be no less than
100% of the Fair Market Value as of the date of that reduction. In no
event shall the per Share exercise price be less than 110% of the Fair
Market Value per Share as of the date of grant in the case of an
Incentive Stock Option granted to an Optionee who, immediately
before the grant of such Option, owns Shares representing more than
10% of the voting power or value of all classes of stock of the
Company or any Parent or Subsidiary.
(b) Method of Payment. The consideration to be paid for the Shares to be issued upon exercise of an Option, including the method of payment, shall be determined by the Administrator (and, in the case of an Incentive Stock Option, shall be determined at the time of grant) and may consist of (i) cash, (ii) check, (iii) promissory note, (iv) other Shares which have a Fair Market Value on the date of surrender equal to the aggregate exercise price of the Shares as to which said Option shall be exercised, (v) delivery of a properly executed exercise notice together with irrevocable instructions to a broker to promptly deliver to the Company the amount of sale or loan proceeds required to pay the exercise price, or (vi) any combination of the foregoing methods of payment and/or any other consideration or method of payment as shall be permitted under applicable corporate law.
9. Stock Appreciation Rights.
(a) Granted in Connection with Options. At the sole discretion of the Administrator, SARs may be granted in connection with all or any part of an Option, either concurrently with the grant of the Option or at any time thereafter during the term of the Option. The following provisions apply to SARs that are granted in connection with Options:
(i) The SAR shall entitle the Optionee to
exercise the SAR by surrendering to the Company unexercised a
portion of the related Option. The Optionee shall receive in
exchange from the Company an amount equal to the excess of (x) the
Fair Market Value on the date of exercise of the SAR of the Common
Stock covered by the surrendered portion of the related Option over
(y) the exercise price of the Common Stock covered by the surrendered portion of the related Option. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Administrator may place limits on the amount that may be paid upon exercise of an SAR; provided, however, that such limit shall not restrict the exercisability of the related Option.
(ii) When an SAR is exercised, the related Option, to the extent surrendered, shall no longer be exercisable.
(iii) An SAR shall be exercisable only when and to the extent that the related Option is exercisable and shall expire no later than the date on which the related Option expires.
(iv) An SAR may only be exercised at a time when the Fair Market Value of the Common Stock covered by the related Option exceeds the exercise price of the Common Stock covered by the related Option.
(b) Independent SARs. At the sole discretion of the Administrator, SARs may be granted without related Options. The following provisions apply to SARs that are not granted in connection with Options:
(i) The SAR shall entitle the Optionee, by exercising the SAR, to receive from the Company an amount equal to the excess of (x) the Fair Market Value of the Common Stock covered by exercised portion of the SAR, as of the date of such exercise, over (y) the Fair Market Value of the Common Stock covered by the exercised portion of the SAR, as of the date on which the SAR was granted; provided, however, that the Administrator may place limits on the amount that may be paid upon exercise of an SAR.
(ii) SARs shall be exercisable, in whole or in part, at such times as the Administrator shall specify in the Optionee's SAR agreement.
(c) Form of Payment. The Company's obligation arising upon the exercise of an SAR may be paid in Common Stock or in cash, or in any combination of Common Stock and cash, as the Administrator, in its sole discretion, may determine. Shares issued upon the exercise of an SAR shall be valued at their Fair Market Value as of the date of exercise.
(d) Rule 16b-3. SARs granted to persons who are subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act ("Insiders") shall contain such additional restrictions as may be required to be contained in the plan or SAR agreement in order for the SAR to qualify for the maximum exemption provided by Rule 16b-3.
10. Method of Exercise.
(a) Procedure for Exercise; Rights as a Shareholder. Any Option or SAR granted hereunder shall be exercisable at such times and under such conditions as determined by the Administrator and as shall be permissible under the terms of the Plan.
An Option or SAR shall be deemed to be exercised when written notice of such exercise has been given to the Company in accordance with the terms of the Option or SAR by the person entitled to exercise the Option or SAR and full payment for the Shares with respect to which the Option is exercised has been received by the Company. Full payment may, as authorized by the Administrator (and, in the case of an Incentive Stock Option, determined at the time of grant) and permitted by the Option agreement, consist of any consideration and method of payment allowable under Section 8(b) of the Plan. Until the issuance (as evidenced by the appropriate entry on the books of the Company or of a duly authorized transfer agent of the Company) of the stock certificate evidencing such Shares, no right to vote or receive dividends or any other rights as a shareholder shall exist with respect to the Optioned Stock, notwithstanding the exercise of the Option. No adjustment will be made for a dividend or other right for which the record date is prior to the date the stock certificate is issued, except as provided in Section 12 of the Plan. An Option or SAR may not be exercised with respect to a fraction of a Share.
Exercise of an Option in any manner shall result in a decrease in the number of Shares which thereafter shall be available, both for purposes of the Plan and for sale under the Option, by the number of Shares as to which the Option is exercised. Exercise of an SAR in any manner shall, to the extent the SAR is exercised, result in a decrease in the number of Shares which thereafter shall be available for purposes of the Plan, and the SAR shall cease to be exercisable to the extent it has been exercised.
(b) Rule 16b-3. Options and SARs granted to Insiders must comply with Rule 16b-3 and shall contain such additional conditions or restrictions as may be required thereunder to be contained in the Plan or the agreement to qualify for the maximum exemption from Section 16 of the Exchange Act with respect to Plan transactions.
(c) Termination of Continuous Employment. Upon termination of an Optionee's Continuous Status as Employee (other than termination by reason of the Optionee's death), the Optionee may, but only within ninety (90) days after the date of such termination, exercise his or her Option or SAR to the extent that it was exercisable at the date of such termination. Notwithstanding the foregoing, however, an Option or SAR may not be exercised after the date the Option or SAR would otherwise expire by its terms due to the passage of time from the date of grant.
(d) Death of Optionee. In the event of the death of an Optionee:
(1) Who is at the time of death an Employee and who shall have been in Continuous Status as an Employee since the date of grant of the Option, the Option or SAR may be exercised at any time within six (6) months (or such other period of time not exceeding twelve (12) months as determined by the Administrator) following the date of death by the Optionee's estate or by a person who acquired the right to exercise the Option by bequest or inheritance, but only to the extent of the right to exercise that would have
accrued had the Optionee continued living and terminated his or her employment six (6) months (or such other period of time not exceeding twelve (12) months as determined by the Administrator) after the date of death; or
(2) Within ninety (90) days after the termination of Continuous Status as an Employee, the Option or SAR may be exercised, at any time within six (6) months (or such other period of time not exceeding twelve (12) months as determined by the Administrator) following the date of death by the Optionee's estate or by a person who acquired the right to exercise the Option by bequest or inheritance, but only to the extent of the right to exercise that had accrued at the date of termination.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, however, an Option or SAR may not be exercised after the date the Option or SAR would otherwise expire by its terms due to the passage of time from the date of grant.
(e) Stock Withholding to Satisfy Withholding Tax Obligations. When an Optionee incurs tax liability in connection with the exercise of an Option or SAR, which tax liability is subject to tax withholding under applicable tax laws, and the Optionee is obligated to pay the Company an amount required to be withheld under applicable tax laws, the Optionee may satisfy the withholding tax obligation (including, at the election of the Optionee, any additional amount which the Optionee desires to have withheld in order to satisfy in whole or in part the Optionee's full estimated tax in connection with the exercise) by electing to have the Company withhold from the Shares to be issued upon exercise of the Option, or the Shares to be issued upon exercise of the SAR, if any, that number of Shares having a Fair Market Value equal to the amount required to be withheld (and any additional amount desired to be withheld, as aforesaid). The Fair Market Value of the Shares to be withheld shall be determined on the date that the amount of tax to be withheld is to be determined (the "Tax Date").
All elections by an Optionee to have Shares withheld for this purpose shall be made in writing in a form acceptable to the Administrator and shall be subject to the following restrictions:
(i) the election must be made on or prior to
the applicable Tax Date; and
(ii) all elections shall be subject to the consent or disapproval of the Administrator.
In the event the election to have Shares withheld is made by an Optionee and the Tax Date is deferred under Section 83 of the Code because no election is filed under Section 83(b) of the Code, the Optionee shall receive the full number of Shares with respect to which the Option or SAR is exercised but such Optionee shall be unconditionally obligated to tender back to the Company the proper number of Shares on the Tax Date.
11. Non-Transferability of Options. Options and SARs may not be sold, pledged, assigned, hypothecated, transferred or disposed of in any manner other than by will or by the laws of descent or distribution or pursuant to a qualified domestic relations order as defined by the Code or Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, or the rules thereunder, provided, however, that the Administrator may grant non-qualified stock options that are freely transferable. The designation of a beneficiary by an Optionee or holder of an SAR does not constitute a transfer. An Option or an SAR may be exercised, during the lifetime of the Optionee or SAR holder, only by the Optionee or SAR holder or by a transferee permitted by this Section 11.
12. Adjustments Upon Changes in Capitalization or Merger.
(a) Changes in Capitalization. Subject to any required action by the shareholders of the Company, the number of Shares covered by each outstanding Option and SAR, and the number of Shares which have been authorized for issuance under the Plan but as to which no Options or SARs have yet been granted or which have been returned to the Plan upon cancellation or expiration of an Option or SAR, as well as the price per Share covered by each such outstanding Option or SAR, shall be proportionately adjusted for any increase or decrease in the number of issued Shares resulting from a stock split, reverse stock split, stock dividend, combination or reclassification of the Common Stock, or any other increase or decrease in the aggregate number of issued Shares effected without receipt of consideration by the Company; provided, however, that conversion of any convertible securities of the Company shall not be deemed to have been "effected without receipt of consideration." Such adjustment shall be made by the Administrator, whose
determination in that respect shall be final, binding and conclusive. Except as expressly provided herein, no issuance by the Company of shares of stock of any class, or securities convertible into shares of stock of any class, shall affect, and no adjustment by reason thereof shall be made with respect to, the number or price of Shares subject to an Option or SAR.
(b) Dissolution or Liquidation. In the event of the proposed dissolution or liquidation of the Company, all outstanding Options and SARs will terminate immediately prior to the consummation of such proposed action, unless otherwise provided by the Administrator. The Administrator may, in the exercise of its sole discretion in such instances, declare that any Option or SAR shall terminate as of a date fixed by the Administrator and give each Optionee the right to exercise his or her Option or SAR as to all or any part of the Optioned Stock or SAR, including Shares as to which the Option or SAR would not otherwise be exercisable.
(c) Sale of Assets or Merger. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (d) hereof, in the event of a proposed sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company, or the merger of the Company with or into another corporation, each outstanding Option and SAR shall be assumed or an equivalent option or stock appreciation right shall be substituted by such successor corporation or a parent or subsidiary of such successor corporation, unless the Administrator determines, in the exercise of its sole discretion and in lieu of such assumption or substitution, that the Optionee shall have the right to exercise the Option or SAR as to all of the Optioned Stock, including Shares as to which the Option or SAR would not otherwise be exercisable. If the Administrator makes an Option or SAR fully exercisable in lieu of assumption or substitution in the event of a merger or sale of assets, the Company shall notify the Optionee that the Option or SAR shall be fully exercisable for a period of thirty (30) days from the date of such notice, and the Option or SAR will terminate upon the expiration of such period. For purposes of this paragraph, an Option granted under the Plan shall be deemed to be assumed if, following the sale of assets or merger, the Option confers the right to purchase, for each Share of Optioned Stock subject to the Option immediately prior to the sale of assets or merger, the consideration (whether stock, cash or other securities or property) received in the sale of assets or merger by holders of Common Stock for each Share held on the effective date of the transaction (and if such holders were offered a choice of consideration, the type of consideration chosen by the holders of a majority of the outstanding Shares); provided, however, that if such consideration received in the sale of assets or merger was not solely Common Stock of the successor corporation or its parent, the Administrator may, with the consent of the successor corporation and the participant, provide for the per share consideration to be received upon exercise of the Option to be solely Common Stock of the successor corporation or its parent equal in Fair Market Value to the per share consideration received by holders of Common Stock in the sale of assets or merger.
(d) Change in Control. In the event of a "Change in Control" of the Company, as defined in paragraph (e) below, unless otherwise determined by the Administrator prior to the occurrence of such Change in Control, the following acceleration and valuation provisions shall apply:
(1) Any Options and SARs outstanding as of the date such Change in Control is determined to have occurred that are not yet exercisable and vested on such date shall become fully exercisable and vested; and
(2) The value of all outstanding Options and SARs shall, unless otherwise determined by the Administrator at or after grant, be cashed-out. The amount at which such Options and SARs shall be cashed out shall be equal to the excess of (x) the Change in Control Price (as defined below) over (y) the exercise price of the Common Stock covered by the Option or SAR. The cash-out proceeds shall be paid to the Optionee or, in the event of death of an Optionee prior to payment, to the estate of the Optionee or to a person who acquired the right to exercise the Option or SAR by bequest or inheritance.
(e) Definition of "Change in Control". For purposes of this Section 12, a "Change in Control" means the happening of any of the following:
( i ) When any "person", as such term is used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Exchange Act (other than the Company, a Subsidiary or a Company employee benefit plan, including any trustee of such plan acting as trustee) is or becomes the "beneficial owner" (as defined in Rule 13d-3
under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly, of securities of the Company representing fifty percent (50%) or more of the combined voting power of the Company's then outstanding securities; or
(ii) The occurrence of a transaction requiring shareholder approval, and involving the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company or the merger of the Company with or into another corporation.
(f) Change in Control Price. For purposes of this
Section 12, "Change in Control Price" shall be, as determined by the Administrator, (i) the highest Fair Market Value at any time within the 60-day period immediately preceding the date of determination of the Change in Control Price by the Administrator (the "60-Day Period"), or (ii) the highest price paid or offered, as determined by the Administrator, in any bona fide transaction or bona fide offer related to the Change in Control of the Company, at any time within the 60-Day Period.
13. Time of Granting Options and SARs. The date of grant of an Option or SAR shall, for all purposes, be the date on which the Administrator makes the determination granting such Option or SAR. Notice of the determination shall be given to each Employee to whom an Option or SAR is so granted within a reasonable time after the date of such grant.
14. Amendment and Termination of the Plan.
(a) Amendment and Termination. The Board may at
any time amend, alter, suspend or terminate the Plan, as it may
deem advisable; provided that, to the extent necessary and desirable
to comply with Applicable Laws, regulations or rules, including
Section 422 of the Code, or, for periods on and after September 30, 1995, with Section 162(m) of the Code, the Company shall obtain shareholder approval of any Plan amendment in such a manner and to such a degree as is required.
(b) Effect of Amendment or Termination. Any such amendment, alteration, suspension or termination of the Plan shall not impair the rights of any Optionee or SAR holder under any grant theretofore made without his or her consent. Such Options and SARs shall remain in full force and effect as if this Plan had not been amended or terminated.
15. Conditions Upon Issuance of Shares. Shares shall not be issued with respect to an Option or SAR unless the exercise of such Option or SAR and the issuance and delivery of such Shares pursuant thereto shall comply with all relevant provisions of law, including, without limitation, the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the Exchange Act, the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, and the requirements of any stock exchange or quotation system upon which the Shares may then be listed or quoted, and shall be further subject to the approval of counsel for the Company with respect to such compliance.
As a condition to the exercise of an Option or SAR or the issuance of Shares upon exercise of an Option or SAR, the Company may require the person exercising such Option or SAR to represent and warrant at the time of any such exercise that the Shares are being purchased only for investment and without any present intention to sell or distribute such Shares if, in the opinion of counsel for the Company, such a representation is required by any of the aforementioned relevant provisions of law.
Inability of the Company to obtain authority from any regulatory body having jurisdiction, which authority is deemed by the Company's counsel to be necessary to the lawful issuance and sale of any Shares hereunder, shall relieve the Company of any liability in respect of the non-issuance or sale of such Shares as to which such requisite authority shall not have been obtained.
16. Reservation of Shares. The Company, during the term of this Plan, will at all times reserve and keep available such number of Shares as shall be sufficient to satisfy the requirements of the Plan.
|PERIOD TYPE||3 MOS|
|FISCAL YEAR END||SEP 25 1998|
|PERIOD END||DEC 26 1997|
|TOTAL LIABILITY AND EQUITY||4,126|